Mohammad has recently visited Switzerland. As he loves his friends very much, he decided to buy some chocolate for them, but as this fine chocolate is very expensive (you know Mohammad is a little bit stingy!), he could only afford buying one chocolate, albeit a very big one (part of it can be seen in the figure below), for all of them as a souvenir. Now, he wants to give each of his friends exactly one part of this chocolate, and as he believes all human beings are equal (!), he wants to split it into equal parts.
The chocolate is an M × N rectangle constructed from M × N unit-size squares. You can assume that Mohammad has also M × N friends waiting to receive their piece of chocolate.
To split the chocolate, Mohammad can cut it in vertical or horizontal direction (through the lines that separate the squares). Then, he should do the same with each part separately until he reaches M × N unit-size pieces of chocolate. Unfortunately, because he is a little lazy, he wants to use the minimum number of cuts required to accomplish this task.
Your goal is to tell him the minimum number of cuts needed to split all of the chocolate squares apart.
The input consists of several test cases. In each line of input, there are two integers: 1 ≤ M ≤ 300, the number of rows in the chocolate, and 1 ≤ N ≤ 300, the number of columns in the chocolate. The input should be processed until end-of-file (EOF) is encountered.
For each line of input, your program should produce one line of output, containing an integer indicating the minimum number of cuts needed to split the entire chocolate into unit-size pieces.
Output for Sample Input
|University of Debrecen; Faculty of Informatics; v. 03/01/2019|