The Blocks Problem
Many areas of computer science use simple, abstract domains for both analytical and empirical studies. For example, an early AI study of planning and robotics (STRIPS) used a block world in which a robot arm performed tasks involving the manipulation of blocks.
In this problem, you will model a simple block world under certain rules and constraints. Rather than determine how to achieve a specified state, you will “program” a robotic arm to respond to a limited set of commands.
The problem is to parse a series of commands that instruct a robot arm in how to manipulate blocks that lie on a flat table. Initially, there are n blocks on the table (numbered from 0 to n – 1) with block bi adjacent to block bi + 1 for all 0 ≤ i < n – 1, as shown in the figure below:
Initial block world
The valid commands for the robot arm that manipulates blocks are:
Any command in which a = b or in which a and b are in the same stack of blocks is an illegal command. All illegal commands should be ignored and should have no effect on the configuration of blocks.
The input begins with an integer n on a line by itself, representing the number of blocks in the block world. You may assume that 0 < n < 25.
The number of blocks is followed by a sequence of block commands, one command per line. Your
program should process all commands until the
You may assume that all commands will be of the form specified above. There will be no syntactically incorrect commands.
The output should consist of the final state of the block world. Each original block position numbered i (0 ≤ i < n) should appear, followed immediately by a colon. If there is at least one block on it, the colon must be followed by a space, followed by a list of blocks that appear stacked in that position, with each block number separated from other block numbers by a space. Don't put any trailing spaces on a line.
There should be one line of output for each block position (i.e., a total of n lines of output).
Output for Sample Input
|University of Debrecen; Faculty of Informatics; v. 05/24/2018|