Programming contests

Magas szintű programozási nyelvek 1, egyéni verseny, 2016. április 10.

April 10, 2016 10:00 AM – April 10, 2016 3:00 PM

Goldbach's Conjecture

In 1742, Christian Goldbach, a German amateur mathematician, sent a letter to Leonhard Euler, in which he made the following conjecture:

Every number greater than 2 can be written as the sum of three prime numbers.

Goldbach was considering 1 as a prime number, a convention that is no longer followed. Later on, Euler re-expressed the conjecture as:

Every even number greater than or equal to 4 can be expressed as the sum of two prime numbers.

For example:

  • 8 = 3 + 5. Both 3 and 5 are odd prime numbers.
  • 20 = 3 + 17 = 7 + 13.
  • 42 = 5 + 37 = 11 + 31 = 13 + 29 = 19 + 23.

Today it is still unproven whether the conjecture is right. (Oh wait, I have the proof of course, but it is too long to write it on the margin of this page.)

Anyway, your task is now to verify Goldbach's conjecture as expressed by Euler for all even numbers less than a million.

Input Specification

The input will contain one or more test cases. Each test case consists of one even integer n with 6 ≤ n < 1 000 000. The input will be terminated by a value of 0 for n.

Output Specification

For each test case, print one line of the form n = a + b, where a and b are odd primes. Numbers and operators should be separated by exactly one blank, like in the sample output below. If there is more than one pair of odd primes adding up to n, choose the pair where the difference b – a is maximized.

If there is no such pair, print a line saying “Goldbach's conjecture is wrong.

Sample Input

  1. 8
  2. 20
  3. 42
  4. 0
download as text file

Output for Sample Input

  1. 8 = 3 + 5
  2. 20 = 3 + 17
  3. 42 = 5 + 37
download as text file
University of Debrecen; Faculty of Informatics; v. 05/24/2018